Arthroscopic surgery of the knee (or knee scope) is a minimally invasive surgical technique which allows the surgeon to access, explore, and operate on the knee joint through very small incisions. The use of an arthroscope (a small instrument containing a lens and fiber optic lighting system) connected to a camera allows the surgeon to see a magnified and enhanced view of the interior of the joint on a television screen, often negating the need for a larger incision (open surgery).
Knee arthroscopy can be used to determine the cause of knee pain (diagnostic arthroscopy), but many knee conditions and injuries can also be treated arthroscopically, including:
Please note: arthroscopic surgery can also be used in combination with open surgery for some procedures.
Compared to open surgery (where the surgeon makes a larger incision to access the joint), arthroscopic surgery offers several benefits: